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    What Is The Lifespan Of A Tesla?

    Aug 10,2022 | Chloe Lacour

    With 250 km per charge and 1,000 cycles per battery, an electric Peugeot 2008 will last 250,000 km

    Much more reliable than the thermal car, due to the simplicity of its engine, the electric car depends however on its batteries, dictating its lifespan.

    If we seek to answer this question, we must refer to the main part of the car: the battery. Why? It has a lifespan limited by the number of recharge cycles.

    MAXIMUM MILEAGE DEPENDS ON BATTERY

    Each type of lithium-ion battery has its own duration, varying between 1,000 and 1,500 charge cycles to maintain a satisfactory capacity, which is 80% in general. And the larger the battery, the lower the charging frequency.

    To simplify, take an average distance traveled of 250 km and 1,000 charges for a BMW i3, you get at least 250,000 kilometers. Not bad, knowing that the average mileage does not exceed 200,000 km on a thermal car. In the extreme case, what can we expect from a car-type Volkswagen ID.3 with a 77 kWh engine? With 1,500 charges and a range of 500 kilometers, the maximum mileage of the electric car climbs to 750,000 kilometers, in theory.

    TESLA, REFERENCE IN THE FIELD

    In practice, we can cite Tesla having published precise statistics. According to its 2022 environmental report, the battery of a Model S retains 90% of its capacity after 321,000 km. The American manufacturer even claims to exceed one million miles (1.6 million km) or even more than 3 million on the new "4680" batteries.

    For example, the autonomy of the Model S is 305 km to 840 km, with a single charge according to the American manufacturer. A German driver even managed in October 2021 to exceed one million kilometers! A feat that earned the congratulations of Tesla CEO Elon Musk. The American firm continues to work on even more reliable and less expensive batteries for future models.

    HOW TO INCREASE BATTERY LIFE?

    To increase the endurance of the batteries and thus the maximum mileage of an electric car, it is necessary to preserve its battery via two methods.

    The first is to not go to the extremes of the battery gauge. It is very inadvisable to go below 10% and to charge beyond 90%, this increases the voltage in the battery. The second wants to use slow charging, at home for example, and reserve fast charging for cases of necessity (long motorway journeys, for example).

    Note that these two points apply to all lithium-ion batteries, i.e. those of your smartphones or your laptop for example!

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