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    Tesla Model Y Performance: Consumption, Autonomy, And Measured Performance Of Our Supertest

    Jul 31,2022 | Chloe Lacour

    The Tesla Model Y is now manufactured in Europe. Directly from the factory in Berlin, a Performance copy passes the Supertest.

    The Tesla Model Y is the latest in the line. Already well established in his native land, he took up the success recipe of the Model 3, to which he added the SUV ingredient that made motorists addicted. The formula is so simple that Elon Musk and his accountants already have stars in their eyes. By taking the sales volumes of the Model 3 (508,000 copies in 2021, 9th in the world) and the market share of compact SUVs, the boss deduces that the Model Y will be the best-selling vehicle in the world in 2023. . It should therefore do better than the Toyota Corolla (1.104 million in 2021) and the Toyota RAV4 (1.132 million in 2021), just that!

    To achieve this, he begins to invest in major markets across the globe. Already landed in Europe from China, it is now produced on-site in the brand new Gigafactory in Berlin. But only the Performance version is there for the moment. Already presented by a friendly owner and tested by Nass, the Model Y Performance goes to the Supertest analysis bench.

    Introducing the Tesla Model Y Performance


    The Tesla Model Y, therefore, takes over the Model 3 platform. Nearly 75% of the parts are shared between the two vehicles, in particular at the level of the technical parts (motors, battery, chassis, etc.), but also inside. Outside, things evolve a little more, and the profile of madeleine becomes a little more marked.

    The custom of this presentation is that we detail the technical sheet. However, official data is still kept at the discretion of the Palo Alto builder. Total engine power or net battery capacity is not officially known. We must therefore refer to some estimates, with a weight close to 2,000 kg, a battery close to 75 useful kWh, and a total power close to 534 hp. Or 562 hp, 513 hp, or even 490 hp depending on the source. In short, it's a crystal ball contest. But extensive research will take us on another track.

    As for the real figures, this Performance version raises the top speed to 250 km/h and drops the 0-100 km/h in 3.7 s. Or the acceleration value of a Ford Mustang Mach-E GT, yet less powerful (487 hp) and heavier (2,270 kg). Do you see us coming? We'll talk about it at the end of the article. Finally, the autonomy goes from 533 km with the Long Autonomy version to 514 km here according to the WLTP standard.

    On the charging side, the Tesla Model Y can consume up to 11 kW in domestic alternating current or on public terminals. On the brand's Superchargers and other fast units, it can climb to 250 kW of peak power. The brand promises 241 km of autonomy recovered in 15 minutes of recharging. This makes it the SUV with the best fast charging power.

    All our Tesla Model Y Performance consumption measurements

    Mixed autonomy: 457 km

    The Tesla Model Y Performance was promised a good position in the charts of our nascent Supertest. The renowned efficiency of Tesla engines, the generous battery, and the perfect weather (clear weather, no wind, 24°C), brought out the best in the Tesla Model Y Performance. And with its 75 kWh battery, the autonomy observed quickly broke the ceiling.

    And it is especially in town, where its size, its significant steering angle and its overly exposed rims pose serious problems, that the Model Y has shown its best radius of action. Here, its consumption of 14.8 kWh/100 km allows it to announce a range of 506 km! More than enough for everyday city life, where the average speed is rarely exceeded 35 km/h. On the road, it was able to obtain a consumption of 16.2 kWh/100 km (462 km of autonomy), while it climbed to 18.2 kWh/100 km (412 km) on our portion of the expressway.

    At the end of a mixed loop of 100 km A / R, the American SUV presented an average of 16.4 kWh / 100 km, which corresponds to an average autonomy of 457 km. It steals the show from the Hyundai Ioniq 5, credited with 380 km on the same route (19.1 kWh/100 km).

    Road Expressway Town Total
    Cons. average A/R (kWh/100 km) 16.2 18.2 14.8 16.4
    Theoretical total autonomy (km) 462 412 506 457

    Road vs highway: average amplitude

    When the user manual of the One Pedal system is assimilated, the Model Y can shave the ground in terms of consumption on a national road could not be more favorable. Admittedly, putting your foot on the balance point of the accelerator pedal to go into freewheel tires the ankle, but the results are there.

    At the end of this 50 km journey, it presented a consumption of 12.8 kWh/100 km. For fun, let's see that he doesn't set a record here, which always comes down to the MG 5 station wagon and its average of 12.6 kWh/100 km. Still, the value is stunning for an SUV of this size, weighing more than two tons with the driver on board and with performance (even if it was not exploited during the measurements) that tickles a Lamborghini Urus. On the adjacent highway, where the exercise simulates intensive highway use, consumption rose to 21.9 kWh/100 km.

    This corresponds to respective ranges of 591 km and 342 km. 

    Needless to say again that it takes the lead in the ranking in terms of theoretical autonomy, and by far. The amplitude of these appears in the average of what we observed with other vehicles with 42.13% less while passing on the highway.

    Instant consumption of the Tesla Model Y Performance

    At a stabilized speed of 110 km/h in both directions in our measurement workshop, the Tesla Model Y Performance presented a consumption of 18.1 kWh/100 km. A great performance. At 130 km/h, it takes an average of 21.8 kWh/100 km, which is quite close to what we observed on the highway.

    This represents a 20.42% increase in consumption between the two speeds, one of the lowest we have seen. In terms of total range, this translates into values ​​of 414 km and 344 km.

    110 km/h 130 km/h
    Cons. average (kWh/100 km) 18.1 21.8
    Theoretical total autonomy (km) 414  344
    Long distance journey: 348 km range

    For logistical and organizational reasons with Tesla France, we carried out this measurement on 500 km of the motorway between Paris and Lyon during the day. Nothing that fundamentally changes the results, the traffic being particularly fluid that day. On the other hand, the air conditioning was put to the test under the blazing sun. In addition, at the start of the course over nearly 100 km, we had to deal with gusts of headwind, strong enough in our opinion to be noted in this chapter. In the end, consumption stabilized at 21.5 kWh/100 km when we crossed our finish line. Either 348 km of autonomy all the same. With more favorable conditions, it would undoubtedly be possible to gain another twenty kilometers according to our estimates, or the equivalent of 20.5 kWh/100 km.

    The Model Y Performance is the first vehicle to exceed the 300 km mark on a full "full" during our Supertest. Obviously, on the road, it will be necessary to count more on nearly 244 km of autonomy between 80 and 10% of the load. But it still allows you to travel peacefully and reduce the frequency of recharging stops at Superchargers or elsewhere.

    Comfort and performance of the Tesla Model Y Performance

    As its name suggests, the Model Y Performance is all about driving dynamism. It is equipped for this with a barely lowered chassis and Pirelli P Zero Elect tires with noise reduction. Unlike the Model 3 Performance, it does not have a Track mode which allows the distribution of torque between the two trains to be modulated. The kicks will therefore not be there, especially since the SUV is riveted to the ground with its 275 mm wide tires at the rear. For fun, prefer the intimidating Ford Mustang Mach-E GT, its all-natural competitor, with which it shares a steering feel that is very artificial. But we bet that this is not the behavior that customers are looking for when choosing an SUV, as sporty as it is. Not even the fact of crushing the heads of the passengers with each delivery of the watts. But as with the butt box, Santa mode, or other games, it costs nothing to amuse the gallery once in a while.

    In this version, the Model Y has a slightly beefier inverter. This is what allows it to send a little more power to the wheels and justifies its name. But to what extent, exactly? Tesla says nothing, except for a 0-100 km/h in 3.7 s in the sportiest driving mode. It is with this mechanical configuration that it can also boast of an 80-120 km / h in 2.6 s. That's 0.1s better than the Mach-E GT (4.66 kg/hp), which tends to run out of steam faster than the Model Y, however. The Volvo C40 Twin (5.29 kg /ch) requires 2.9 s in the same exercise. The proximity to these SUVs with less favorable ratios on paper is surprising.

    The explanation? The Model Y would have power well below all estimates. And this is revealed by the homologation sheets that we were able to obtain exclusively: on these, the sports SUV admits a total power of 423 hp. That's barely 28 hp more than the Long Autonomy version according to the same source. This would explain the small difference between the two versions in terms of times, but not in pure acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h. But let's remember that if the power value displayed is one thing, its distribution to the wheels and the electronic crutches make it possible to establish any hierarchy. In any case, we find it difficult to imagine more than 430 hp in this version, perfectly similar to the models approved in the United States as confirmed by Tesla France. With Comfort mode, which we activated for all consumption measurements, the SUV presented an 80-120 km/h in 4.87 s on average at all load levels. In short, the Model Y never runs out of steam, unlike its brakes which smoke quickly.

    On the road, the Performance is surprisingly comfortable. The damping is certainly firm on bad connections, on bumpy roads, or at low speed, but the damping comfort is as good as on board the Grande Autonomie, yet more docile in philosophy. The double glazing manages to channel surrounding noise quite well, but rolling noise and air on the top of the windshield can still be heard on the highway. On the sound level meter, it is almost as loud as an Airways U5.

    In terms of driving aids, this test model was equipped with the Autopilot Improved option at €3,800. Apart from the automatic exit and parking modes, it offers in addition to the standard Autopilot the automatic lane change when the turn signal is activated. However, we have never succeeded in benefiting from this system, which systematically cuts off at the slightest start. Also, after each change of lane, manually, therefore, it was necessary to reactivate the Autopilot by clicking twice on the right stalk. In addition, untimely braking for inexplicable reasons was not uncommon. Therefore, the question of the interest of this option arises, unless you have a furious need to get your car in or out of the garage alone.

    On board, almost no change, except for an aluminum crankset. We find the usual interior atmosphere in this Model 3 size XXL. Produced in Berlin, this version does not have any finishing defects, very often pointed out on Teslas: the adjustments are satisfactory and no parasitic noise is heard. New: the Performance has the parcel shelf in the boot. Useful for hiding things, but impractical to use. It is a real headache to remove from its housing and does not allow access to the bottom of the gigantic trunk quite badly.

    80% SoC 50% SoC 20% SoC 10% SoC

    Repeats 80-120 km/h

    (in s)

    4.81 4.84 4.92 4.89
      at 50 km/h at 80 km/h at 110 km/h at 130 km/h

    Sound level on board

    (in dB)

    71 74 76 77

    Tesla Model Y Performance Supertest – the results

    With an approved autonomy barely lower than an equivalent battery, the Tesla Model Y Performance is, therefore, more energy-intensive on paper. It would be necessary to test the entry-level version to gauge the difference, which is expected to be minimal. The fact remains that this version is formidable, both in terms of performance and autonomy on the highway. Long journeys become a formality, even if all is not so rosy on the recharging side as we will see in the second part of this Supertest.

    On paper, this Performance version struggles to justify the additional tariff of €5,000, as the performance and dynamic services are close to the entry-level version. A gap that narrows, however, if we take into account the aesthetic improvements where, for example, only 20-inch rims are charged € 2,100 on the Grande Autonomie. A matter of choice, then, but this top-of-the-range version is particularly attractive and offers a price/performance/versatility ratio that is unique on the market.

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